How to install arch
There are a lot of people that I know that like linux and stuff but they don't want to install arch because they think it's too hard, but it's not at all and I'm gonna prove it to you. You just need to type a few commands to install arch, of course after that there is the whole configuration part but I have some repositories in my git server that can help you get up and running really fast. If you like the way it is just use it, if you don't like a particular part tweak it up or make your own, It's not really hard too.
Arch installation guide
Obviuosly you can just read the arch install guide, you might think that it's confusing and that there are so many links and stuff but if you actually put some effort you will see that it's not that complicated. But I know you are lazy and just want to copy and paste stuff so thats why I`m making this guide.
How to install arch
First you need an arch iso image, go to the arch download page and download the iso, choose the closest mirror for a better download speed.
Optionally you can verify the signature, generally it's a waste of time but it's a good security practice, I’m not gonna cover it in this tutorial cause it's not the focus of tutorial if you really want to just follow the installation guide in the link above.
After that you need an usb to put the image on, then just plug it on your pc and use rufus, batch or ventoy to make it bootable, again I’m not gonna cover how to do that if you don’t know something google it. Then reboot your pc and boot from the pendrive.
You need to change the keyboard layout if it is not from the United States. To show all layouts:
ls /usr/share/kbd/keymaps/**/*.map.gz | less
Ps: <> in this tutorial means you gotta change the template to something else. Eg.: To load a layout:
If youre using a brazilian kb you may just type:
Verify boot mode
In case you don't know if you are using uefi or not:
If the command outputs an error you're not.
Connect to the internet
If you are using an ethernet cable you it don't need to do anything, if you’re gonna be using wifi enter:
iwctl , a new prompt will appear in there then follow these commands:
station <device> scan
station <device> get-networks
station <device> connect <SSID>
After typing your wifi password, you can leave iwctl by hiting
CTRL+D, now to test your internet do a
ping google.com if youre receiving packets you’re fine, just press
CTRL+C to quit else if youre not then you screwed up something try connecting again.
Update system clock
Partition the disks
Now this is the "hardest" part of the installation, type:
fdisk -l to display all of your disks, it's probably in sda that you want to install arch, you need to change it if you’re installing in another disk like sdb.
You’re going to make the /mnt partition (main) and a swap partition if you want, if you’re using uefi you need another partition for it.
m to show all the options available, you probably want to delete all the partitions you have with the
d command and then type
n to make a new one and type
p for primary, partition number
2 (the number doesn’t really matter but I like to make the swap first), the size of the blocks are standard so just hit enter, the starting block too enter, now I like to do the swap partition first I recommend 2GB for a swap so type
+2G and hit enter. Now make the same process but just press enter on everything basically(put partion number 1 instead of 2) and don't forget to make an efi partition (3) before the main one, allocate 300MB (+300M) for it. Then you need to change the partition type with
t the main partition is Linux (82), the swap is solaris (83) and the efi is efi system(idk the number), then you can add a bootable flag in the main partition with
Format the partitions
note that your partitions and disk might be different so adjust accordingly
The main partition is ext4:
Format the swap:
And if you have an efi partition:
mkfs.fat -F 32 /dev/<sdX3>
Mount the file systems
mount /dev/<sdX1> /mnt
If you have efi:
mount --mkdir /dev/<sdX3> /mnt/boot
You need the reflector program to test and select the closest mirrors, if you’re in Brazil you can use my config:
reflector --country Brazil --sort rate --latest 5 –save /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist
Ps. You might want to delete the last one from this list in the mirrorlist file cause it's not working anymore.
Install essential packages
Use the pacstrap command to install some nice packages to your arch installation:
pacstrap -K /mnt base linux linux-firmware sudo curl wget grub efibootmgr git dhcp dhcpcd networkmanager vim man-db man-pages wpa_supplicant
If you don’t know vim change it to nano. You can add more packages if you want but these are the basic packages that you’re going to need. You can change it if you know what youre doing though.
Generate the fstab:
genfstab -U /mnt >> /mnt/etc/fstab
Now you’re going to enter the actual system(don't remove the usb yet):
List time zones:
ln -sf /usr/share/zoneinfo/<Region>/<City> /etc/localtime
Tip: hit tab to autocomplete the Region and City. Another Tip: If you are in Brazil change Region to America and City to Sao_paulo
To generate the hardware clock file.
vim /etc/locale.gen and uncomment en_US.UTF-8 UTF-8 and other needed locales.
Generate the locales:
Put this line in there:
If you change your keyboard layout earlier you need to make it permanent
Set the name of your machine in there then save and quit.
And paste this in there, just change the hostname to the hostname you wrote in the last file:
This file is for referencing these ips to your own machine your pc needs to identify itself in the network.
Ps. The ips are separated by tabs and there are no blank lines in this file.
Enable network manager for later:
systemctl enable NetworkManager.service
Make the init file:
Change the root password:
Make a new user (change username to yours):
useradd -m -G wheel username
%wheel ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD: ALL
(Just delete the hastag before the line above)
You might need to give writing permission to it by the way:
chmod +w /etc/sudoers
Finally set the password for the user you created:
Install amd-ucode or intel-ucode depending on your cpu brand:
sudo pacman -S amd-ucode
For the bootloader we are going to install grub cause it's the best of it's kind:
Ps. You may change sda to sdb or sdc if youre using a different disk, type the disk name not the partition.
grub-install --target=i386-pc /dev/sda
grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg
umount -R /mnt
You may remove the usb stick after it turns off. If you did everything correctly you’re going to boot into an installed arch linux.
Now of course you need to install some other packages cause you don't even have xorg installed. Since this is my guide I will share my configuration. First we are going to install the necessary packages:
sudo pacman -S xorg xwallpaper xdotool python-pywal brightnessctl xcompmgr dunst pipewire pipewire-pulse pamixer noto-fonts noto-fonts-emoji noto-fonts-cjk ttf-dejavu ttf-font-awesome firefox zsh
Ps. If you have never configured zsh before just use the standard options.
git clone https://github.com/lucashemi/dwm.git
mkdir ~/.local/src && mv dwm ~/.local/src && cd ~/.local/src/dwm && sudo make install && cd
git clone https://github.com/lucahemi/st.git
mv st ~/.local/src && cd ~/.local/src/st && sudo make install && cd
git clone https://github.com/lucashemi/dmenu.git
mv dmenu ~/.local/src && cd ~/.local/src/dmenu && sudo make install && cd
git clone https://github.com/lucashemi/dwmblocks.git
mv dwmblocks ~/.local/src && cd ~/.local/src/dwmblocks && sudo make install && cd
yay (AUR package manager)
git clone https://aur.archlinux.org/yay.git
cd yay && makepkg -si && cd
install oh my zsh
sh -c "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/ohmyzsh/ohmyzsh/master/tools/install.sh)"
mv ~/.oh-my-zsh ~/.config/zsh/.oh-my-zsh
rm ~/.zshrc ~/.zsh_history
git clone https://github.com/lucashemi/dotfiles.git
mv dotfiles/* .
ln -s ~/.config/x11/.xinitrc .xinitrc
ln -s ~/.config/zsh/.zshrc .zshrc
I’ve spent more time writing this than you will spend installing it so now there is no excuse to not install it in your system.